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First record of Elasmucha ferrugata (F.) (Hemiptera: Heteroptera:
Acanthosomatidae) from Montenegro
Department of Botany and Zoology, Faculty of Science, Masaryk University, Kotlářská 2, CZ-611 37 Brno, Czech
Republic. E-mail: [email protected]
Za lesem 246, CZ-277 11 Neratovice, Czech Republic. E-mail: [email protected]
Received 17 March 2015 │ Accepted 24 March 2015 │ Published online 25 March 2015.
Elasmucha ferrugata (Fabricius, 1787) (Fig. 1). Montenegro, Prokletje Mts., Gusinje-Grbaja valley,
42°31'18.462"N, 19°47'5.349"E, 26.–27.v.2014, on Rubus spp. on the edge of a pasture, 1 ♂ 1 ♀, V. Hanzlík
lgt., V. Hemala det., P. Kment revid. (coll. V. Hanzlík, Neratovice, Czech Republic).
Figure 1. Specimens of Elasmucha ferrugata from Gusinje-Grbaja valley, Prokletje Mts. Left: male; right: female
(photo by V. Hanzlík).
Ecol. Mont., 2 (2), 2015, 147-149
It is an Eurosiberian species so far known in Balkan Peninsula from Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina,
Bulgaria, Croatia, Romania and Slovenia (Protić 2001, 2010; Göllner-Scheiding 2006); in other European
parts from Austria, Belgium, Belarus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Great Britain,
Germany, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Russia (European
part), Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and Ukraine; and in Asia from China (Northern, Northeastern
and Southwestern Territories), Kazakhstan, Korea, Mongolia and Russia (West Siberia, East Siberia and Far
East) (Göllner-Scheiding 2006; Aukema et al. 2013).
This species lives on Vaccinium spp. (especially on V. myrtillus and also on V. vitis-idaea) in light
forests and at forest edges; it was found occasionally also on other berry plants, e.g. on Grossularia, Ribes,
Rubus, Prunus, Lonicera and Crataegus (Kerzhner 1972; Stehlík 1984; Wachmann et al. 2008). It hibernates
in the adult stage, and active adults can be found at the end of April or the first half of May; the new
generation of adults has been observed in August and September (Stehlík 1984). According to Stehlík (1984)
in Moravia (Czech Republic) the species does not occur in plains (>260 m a.s.l.) but only in hilly,
incidentally mountainous terrain up to 650 m a.s.l. Parental care and reproductive investments of three
Elasmucha species, including E. ferrugata, was studied by Kaitala & Mappes (1997), informations about
behaviour, oviposition and Pendergrast's organs of E. ferrugata (and other Acanthosomatidae) were
summarized and updated by Fischer (2006) and Hanelová & Vilímová (2013). Keys of European species of
the genus Elasmucha Stål, 1864 are given e.g. by Wagner (1966), Kerzhner (1972), Lis & Lis (1998), and
Lis et al. (2012). New species for the fauna of Montenegro.
We would like to thank Ljiljana Protić (Natural History Museum, Belgrade) for help with occurrence data and to Petr
Kment (National Museum, Prague) for providing literature. Special thanks from the first author goes to the project No.
MUNI/A/1484/2014 for the support.
Aukema, B., Rieger, C. & Rabitsch, W. (2013) Catalogue of the Heteroptera of the Palaearctic Region.
Volume 6. Supplement. The Netherlands Entomological Society, Amsterdam, xxiv + 629 pp.
Fischer, C. (2006) The biological context and evolution of Pendergrast's organs of Acanthosomatidae
(Heteroptera, Pentatomoidea). Denisia, 19, 1041–1054.
Göllner-Scheiding, U. (2006) Acanthosomatidae. Pp. 166–181. In: Aukema, B. & Rieger, C. (Eds.),
Catalogue of the Heteroptera of the Palaearctic Region. Volume 5. Pentatomomorpha II. The
Netherlands Entomological Society, Amsterdam, xiii + 550 pp.
Hanelová, J. & Vilímová, J. (2013) Behaviour of the central European Acanthosomatidae (Hemiptera:
Heteroptera: Pentatomoidea) during oviposition and parental care. Pp. 433–457. In: Kment, P.,
Malenovský, I. & Kolibáč, J. (Eds.), Studies in Hemiptera in honour of Pavel Lauterer and Jaroslav L.
Stehlík. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae Biologicae, 98(2), 1–541.
Kaitala, A. & Mappes, J. (1997) Parental care and reproductive investments in shield bugs
(Acanthosomatidae, Heteroptera). Oikos, 80, 3–7.
Kerzhner, I. M. (1972) Klopy-shchitniki roda Elasmucha Stål (Heteroptera, Acanthosomatidae) fauny SSSR.
[Shieldbugs of the genus Elasmucha Stål (Heteroptera, Acanthosomatidae) of the fauna of the USSR].
Zoologicheskiy Zhurnal, 51, 214–219 (in Russian, English summary).
Lis, J. A. & Lis, B. (1998) Klucze do oznaczania owadów Polski. Czȩść XVIII. Pluskwiaki różnoskrzydłe –
Heteroptera. Zeszyt 13. Puklicowate – Acanthosomatidae, żółwinkowate – Scutelleridae (z 37
rysunkami). [Keys for the Identification of Polish Insects. Part XVIII. True bugs – Heteroptera. Issue
13. Shield bugs – Acanthosomatidae, jewel bugs – Scutelleridae (with 37 drawings)]. Polskie
Towarzystwo Entomologiczne, Toruń, 32 pp (in Polish).
Lis, J. A., Lis, B. & Ziaja, D. J. (2012) Heteroptera Poloniae 2. Czȩść I. [Part I]. Plataspidae,
Thyreocoridae, Cydnidae, Acanthosomatidae, Scutelleridae. Centrum Studiów nad Bioróżnorodnością
(CeStuBio), Opole, 145 pp (in Polish).
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Protić, Lj. (2001) Catalogue of the Heteroptera fauna of Yugoslav countries. Part two. Prirodnjački Muzej u
Beogradu, Posebna Izdanja, 39, 1–272.
Protić, Lj. (2010) Shield bugs (Heteroptera: Acanthosomatidae) in Serbia. Acta Entomologica Serbica, 15(2),
Stehlík, J. L. (1984) Results of the investigations on Hemiptera in Moravia made by the Moravian Museum
(Pentatomoidea III.). Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae Naturales, 69, 163–185.
Wachmann, E., Melber, A. & Deckert, J. (2008) Wanzen. Band 4. Pentatomomorpha II. Pentatomoidea. Die
Tierwelt Deutschlands. 81. Teil. Goecke & Evers, Keltern, 230 pp.
Wagner, E. (1966) Wanzen oder Heteropteren I. Pentatomorpha [sic!]. In: Dahl, F. (Ed.), Die Tierwelt
Deutschlands und der angrenzenden Meeresteile nach ihren Merkmalen und nach ihrer Lebensweise.
54. Teil. VEB Gustav Fischer Verlag, Jena, 235 pp.
Ecol. Mont., 2 (2), 2015, 147-149