Document 401733

ROGER COHEN
THE PRICE FOR
AN IRAN DEAL
SCIENCE FICTION
A BEST-SELLING
SERIES IN CHINA
OFFICE CUBICLES
THE POWER SEATS
IN PUBLISHING?
PAGE 7
PAGE 8
PAGE 15
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OPINION
|
CULTURE
|
BUSINESS
....
TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 11, 2014
Climate tools
seek to bend
nature’s path
on warming
Militants
in Egypt say
they will ally
with ISIS
UTRECHT, THE NETHERLANDS
CAIRO
From reflective droplets
above to minerals below,
geoengineering takes off
Agreement has potential
to knit together conflicts
spanning Arab region
BY HENRY FOUNTAIN
BY DAVID D. KIRKPATRICK
The solution to global warming, Olaf
Schuiling says, lies beneath our feet.
For Dr. Schuiling, a retired geochemist,
climate salvation would come in the form
of olivine, a green-tinted mineral found in
abundance around the world. When exposed to the elements, it slowly takes carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.
Olivine has been doing this naturally
for billions of years, but Dr. Schuiling
wants to speed up the process by
spreading it on fields and beaches and
using it for dikes, pathways, even sandboxes. Sprinkle enough of the crushed
rock around, he says, and it will eventually remove enough carbon dioxide to
slow the rise in global temperatures.
‘‘Let the earth help us to save the
earth,’’ said Dr. Schuiling, who has been
pursuing the idea single-mindedly for
several decades and at 82 is still writing
papers on the subject from his cluttered
office at the University of Utrecht.
Once considered the stuff of wild-eyed
fantasies, such ideas for countering climate change through geoengineering
are now being discussed seriously by
scientists. The National Academy of Sciences is expected to issue a report on
the subject this year.
That does not mean that such measures, which are considered controversial across the political spectrum, are
likely to be adopted anytime soon. But
the effects of climate change may become so severe that they could attract
even more serious consideration. Some
scientists say significant research into
engineering the earth should begin
now.
Dr. Schuiling’s idea is one of several
intended to reduce levels of carbon dioxide, the main greenhouse gas, so the
atmosphere will trap less heat. Other
approaches, potentially faster and more
feasible but riskier, would create the
equivalent of a sunshade around the
planet by scattering reflective droplets
in the stratosphere or spraying seawa-
They have slaughtered hundreds of
Egyptian soldiers and police officers, recruited experienced fighters and staged
increasingly sophisticated raids from
the Western Desert to the Sinai Peninsula. They have beheaded informants
and killed an American in a carjacking,
Western officials familiar with intelligence reports say.
On Monday, the leaders of Egypt’s
most dangerous militant group, Ansar
Beit al-Maqdis, also pledged obedience
to the organization that calls itself the
Islamic State, becoming its first significant international affiliate in the bet
that the link will provide new money,
weapons and recruits to battle the government in Cairo.
The affiliation could pull the militant
group away from an almost exclusive
focus on attacking military and security
forces toward the Islamic State’s indiscriminate mass killings of civilians. The
pledge alone could undermine the government’s efforts to win the trust of
Western tourists, a vital source of hard
currency.
The decision expands the Islamic
State, also known as ISIS or ISIL, into
the most populous and historically most
influential Arab state, a milestone
achievement six weeks into an American-led bombing campaign against its
strongholds in Syria and Iraq. It is the
latest manifestation of a swirling descent
into violence around the region amid the
dashed hopes for democracy of the Arab
Spring uprisings three years ago.
In practical terms, the Islamic State
could also share resources — including
its wealth of stolen money and oil, and
stores of seized weapons — to add new
fuel to the Egyptian group’s insurgency
at a critical point.
In recent weeks, Ansar Beit alMaqdis has come under a withering
crackdown by the Egyptian military,
which has begun the evacuation and destruction of hundreds of homes in an attempt to eradicate the group from its
havens in the northern Sinai.
But at the same time the group has far
exceeded the confident predictions of
Egyptian officials as well as the expectations of many Western analysts, raising fears that its fight may just be beginning.
Having killed hundreds of soldiers
and police officers in violent retaliation
for the military ouster of President Mohamed Morsi last year, Ansar Beit alMaqdis has more recently launched increasingly sophisticated and deadly attacks on military camps at both the eastern and western extremes of the
country, according to Western officials
and Egyptian analysts familiar with intelligence reports.
An attack on July 19 in the Western
Desert, a vast expanse from west of the
Nile to Libya, killed at least 21 soldiers,
and another on Oct. 24 in the Sinai Pen-
CLIMATE, PAGE 3
ILVY NJIOKIKTJIEN FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
‘‘Let the earth help us to save the earth,’’
Olaf Schuiling said of the mineral olivine.
Asia strategy
NG HAN GUAN/ASSOCIATED PRESS
President Obama and President Xi Jinping in Beijing on Monday as a summit meeting opened and as China acted to tie itself more closely to the region.
A TIGHT SCHEDULE PAIRS RITUAL WITH DEAL-MAKING
Mr. Obama’s visit focuses on his relationship with Mr.
Xi in favor of reaching out to the Chinese public. PAGE 5
BEIJING TAKES STEPS TO INCREASE REGIONAL TRADE
The measures amount to a comprehensive vision for
binding Asian economies more firmly to China. PAGE 12
MOSCOW TURNS MORE TOWARD ASIA, ECONOMICALLY
With its deal to build a pipeline to China, Gazprom has
bolstered the Kremlin’s strategic plans. PAGE 12
How a low-tech hacker
bedeviled high and mighty
In comeback bid, Sarkozy
battles voters’ memories
ARAD, ROMANIA
ST.-CYR-SUR-LOIRE, FRANCE
Using mostly guesswork,
‘Guccifer’ raided email
and kept the F.B.I. at bay
BY SUZANNE DALEY
BY ANDREW HIGGINS
He reveled in tormenting members of
the Bush family, Colin L. Powell and a
host of other prominent Americans, and
also in outfoxing the F.B.I. and the Secret
Service, foiling their efforts to discover
even his nationality, never mind his identity. Early this year, however, the elusive
online outlaw known as Guccifer lost his
cocky composure and began to panic.
He smashed his hard drive and cellphone with an axe in the Romanian region of Transylvania.
The spasm of precautionary destruction in the garden of his home did not
help him much, especially as he left
pieces of what would later become evidence scattered in the mud.
Two weeks later, on Jan. 22, a global
hunt for the renowned and mysterious
hacker who first revealed self-portraits
painted by George W. Bush and
plundered a trove of personal email
from politicians, military officers and
celebrities finally ended in an early
HACKER, PAGE 4
CRISTIAN MOVILA FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Marcel-Lehel Lazar, known as Guccifer,
the mysterious hacker who first revealed
self-portraits painted by George W. Bush.
HUNTER OF HACKERS AVOIDS SPOTLIGHT
Lawrence Baldwin is no household
name, but he has become a go-to guy
for banks fighting cybercrime. PAGE 12
ONLINE AT INY T. COM
On a recent evening, Nicolas Sarkozy,
who since being voted out of office more
than two years ago has done nothing to
temper his reputation as the bad boy of
French politics, was on stage in a gymnasium trying to generate enthusiasm
for his latest campaign.
Mr. Sarkozy, France’s president from
2007 to 2012, talked of everything from the
state of the economy to the respect due to
teachers, before ending with a swipe at
the pundits lining up these days to say
that his comeback is already in trouble.
‘‘Good thing that it’s going so badly,’’
Mr. Sarkozy said, looking over the filled
seats pressed up against the stage in
this city in central France. ‘‘What kind
of a venue would I have needed if things
were going well?’’
Perhaps he could not see that, behind
the phalanx of television cameras set up
on a midcourt platform, the gym was
rather empty.
Mr. Sarkozy, tanned and dapper, has
been holding American-style town hall
meetings around the country. His stated
goal is the presidency of his center-right
party, the Union for a Popular Movement, or U.M.P., for its initials in French.
But there is little doubt that this campaign — with stickers that say simply
I NSIDE TODAY’S PAP E R
New attitude on marijuana
Stabbings raise new fears in Israel
Under a plan by Mayor Bill de Blasio of
New York, people found with small
amounts of marijuana would be issued
court summonses but would not be
arrested. nytimes.com/nyregion
An Israeli woman was killed and an
Israeli soldier was wounded in attacks
by Palestinians, one in the occupied
West Bank and the other in the center
of Tel Aviv. WORLD NEWS, 5
Parents in U.S. give testing an F
Dozens killed at Nigerian school
A suicide bomber dressed as a student
detonated explosives in a backpack,
killing about 50 students and teachers
at a high school. WORLD NEWS, 5
Parents, students and school officials
have joined a national protest over the
consequences of Common Core testing,
involving national standards in more
than 40 states. nytimes.com/us
Panel seeks tighter rules for banks
A sports patriarch dies at 86
A global financial panel has introduced a
plan to double the amount of money that
large banks would be required to have
on hand to absorb losses. BUSINESS, 12
Ernie Vandeweghe played for the New
York Knicks in the early 1950s, and his
descendants have been world-class
athletes. nytimes.com/basketball
Resetting U.S.-China relations
Progress toward the presidency
Republicans still face demographic
problems, but their midterm success
was not only based on low turnout
among Democrats. nytimes.com/upshot
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DANIEL BEREHULAK FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
AN EBOLA MYSTERY Doctors have been confounded by the divergent paths of patients whose
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IN THIS ISSUE
No. 40,952
Books 9
Business 12
Crossword 11
Culture 8
Opinion 6
Sports 10
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NEW YORK, MONDAY 12:30PM
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The presidents of the United States and
China, meeting in Beijing, must forge a
relationship that is positive-sum, not
zero-sum, write Wang Dong, Robert A.
Kapp and Bernard Loeffke. OPINION, 6
STOCK INDEXES
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‘‘My President’’ — is intended as a steppingstone for another run at the Élysée
Palace.
Mr. Sarkozy is clearly banking that the
many failures of the Socialist who beat
him, President François Hollande, will
inspire some sort of nostalgia for him —
or at least a willingness to give him and
his conservative agenda another chance.
The question is whether voters will forget about, or forgive, his toxic reputation
SARKOZY, PAGE 3
JEAN-PAUL PELISSIER/REUTERS
There is little doubt that Nicolas Sarkozy
wants to return to the Élysée Palace.
EGYPT, PAGE 4