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ART BASEL
NEW GROUND
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SPECIAL REPORT
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BUSINESS
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STYLE
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THURSDAY, DECEMBER 4, 2014
Germany
to redouble
effort to cut
emissions
Iran flexes
muscle with
airstrikes on
ISIS in Iraq
BERLIN
BAGHDAD
Nation lags in meeting
goals, but businesses
complain of competition
Operation reflects shift
in strategy by Tehran
to exert Shiite influence
BY MELISSA EDDY
BY TIM ARANGO
AND THOMAS ERDBRINK
Germany has fallen behind its ambitious goals for reducing carbon emissions. It is burning more coal than at
any point since 1990. And German
companies are complaining that the nation’s energy policies are hurting their
ability to compete globally.
But on Wednesday, Chancellor Angela Merkel’s government swept aside
the doubts and complaints and said it
was redoubling its efforts, proposing
new measures to help it reach the emission-reduction target for 2020 it set seven years ago when it undertook one of
the most aggressive efforts in the industrial world to combat climate change.
The plan was unveiled at a time when
Germany in particular and Europe in
general are eager to retain a leadership
position in international talks to address
the threat from global warming, and underscored Ms. Merkel’s commitment to
the issue despite the practical and political problems it has caused her at home.
The plan calls on Germans to cut an
additional 62 million to 78 million tons of
carbon dioxide emissions — the equivalent of the annual output of about seven
million households — to meet the country’s goals. That would triple emission
reductions from current levels, spreading the burden of cuts across sectors
from agriculture to automobiles.
The program, which would be established in a series of laws to be passed by
Parliament in the coming months, rests
heavily on improved energy efficiency,
with 3 billion euros, or $3.7 billion, in tax
breaks and other incentives earmarked
for the insulation of buildings.
Roughly a third of the cuts are to
come from the power industry, which is
being urged to reduce emissions by an
additional 22 million tons, even as coalfired plants continue to play an essential
GERMANY, PAGE 18
MARTIN MEISSNER/ASSOCIATED PRESS
Berlin’s incentives to cut greenhouse gas emissions would apply to coal-fired power stations like this E.On plant in Gelsenkirchen, one of the most powerful coal-fired plants in Europe.
Infections ravaging newborns in India
AMRAVATI, INDIA
Resistance to antibiotics
is building fast, killing
tens of thousands yearly
BY GARDINER HARRIS
A deadly epidemic that could have global implications is quietly sweeping India,
and among its many victims are tens of
thousands of newborns dying because
once-miraculous cures no longer work.
These infants are born with bacterial
infections that are resistant to most
known antibiotics, and more than 58,000
died last year as a result, a recent study
found. While that is still a small fraction
of the nearly 800,000 newborns who die
annually in India, Indian pediatricians
say that the rising toll of resistant infections could soon swamp efforts to improve India’s abysmal infant death rate.
Nearly a third of the world’s newborn
deaths occur in India.
‘‘Reducing newborn deaths in India is
one of the most important public health
priorities in the world, and this will require treating an increasing number of
neonates who have sepsis and pneumonia,’’ said Dr. Vinod Paul, chief of pediatrics at the prestigious All India Institute
of Medical Sciences. ‘‘But if resistant infections keep growing, that progress
could slow, stop or even reverse itself.
IN SHIFT, BRITAIN ADVOCATES HOME BIRTHS
The British National Health Service
advised healthy women that it was safer
to have their babies at home. PAGE 4
And that would a disaster for not only
India but the entire world.’’
In visits to neonatal intensive care
wards in five Indian states, doctors reported being overwhelmed by such
cases.
‘‘Five years ago, we almost never saw
these kinds of infections,’’ said Dr.
Neelam Kler, chairwoman of the department of neonatology at Sir Ganga Ram
Hospital in New Delhi, one of India’s
most prestigious private hospitals.
‘‘Now, close to 100 percent of the babies
INDIA, PAGE 5
MANUEL BALCE CENETA/ASSOCIATED PRESS
Rear Admiral John F. Kirby said the Iranian airstrikes so far appeared to be limited.
Unsteady incomes keep workers behind
ALEXANDRIA, KY.
Financial volatility rising
for millions of Americans
even as economy grows
BY PATRICIA COHEN
WILLIAM DESHAZER FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Alex Vories with his sons, Josh, left, and Caleb, in Alexandria, Ky. He and his wife, Erica,
have struggled since he lost his job answering phones at Fidelity Investments in 2013.
The bills arrive as regularly as a heartbeat at the Vorieses’ cozy bi-level brick
house just across the Ohio River from
Cincinnati. It’s the paychecks that are
irregular.
These days, Alex Vories, 37, is delivering pizzas for LaRosa’s, though he has
to use his parents’ car since he wrecked
his own 1997 Nissan van on a rainy day
in October. In the spring and autumn, he
had managed to snag several weeks of
seasonal work with the Internal Revenue Service, sorting tax returns for $14 an
hour. But otherwise the family had to
make do with the $350 a week his wife,
Erica Vories, brought home from her job
as a mail clerk for the I.R.S.
‘‘We just kind of wing it every month,’’
said Mr. Vories, whose unemployment
benefits ran out at the end of 2013, 10
months after he lost his job answering
phones at Fidelity Investments. Ever
since, the family’s income has bounced
up and down from one week to the next,
like the basketball he and his two sons
play with in their driveway.
‘‘Get all the bills paid,’’ he said, ‘‘then
see where we’re at.’’
The financial volatility that the Vorieses grapple with is a feature of life for
INSIDE TO DAY ’S PA P E R
ONLINE AT INY T.COM
British official points to growth
Hacked vs. hackers
George Osborne, the chancellor of the
Exchequer, claimed credit for rapid
economic growth in his last big economic
policy statement before the national
election next spring. BUSINESS, 16
Online threats are growing worse, and
the prevailing ‘‘patch and pray’’
approach to governmental and
corporate computer security may not
be enough. nytimes.com/technology
Breach in security rattles Sony
What an Oscar is worth
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’:HIKKLD=WUXUU\:[email protected]@[email protected]@a"
IRAQI LEADER SEEKS HELP IN FIGHTING ISIS
Iraq’s prime minister says the country
needs more aid for military training
and reconstruction. PAGE 7
ALESSANDRO GRASSANI FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Daniele Trinchero, left, working on the system he organized to deliver the Internet to the villagers of Verrua Savoia, Italy. WORLD NEWS, 4
HIGH-SPEED NETWORK, HOMEMADE
Israel moves to dissolve Parliament
One, and only one, Jong-un
New elections were set after Prime
Minister Benjamin Netanyahu fired
two ministers. WORLD NEWS, 7
North Korea is reported to have made
its leader’s given name, Jong-un,
exclusively his. WORLD NEWS, 5
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Poland ZI 12.20
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IN THIS ISSUE
No. 40,972
Business 16
Crossword 15
Culture 10
Opinion 8
Sports 14
Style 11
t
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t
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Euro
Pound
Yen
S. Franc
NEW YORK, WEDNESDAY 12:30PM
PREVIOUS
€1=
£1=
$1=
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¥119.780 ¥119.190
SF0.9770 SF0.9720
Full currenc y rates Pa ge 19
The victory of a gay candidate is a sea
change in conservative Poland, where
the Catholic Church wields political
power. nytimes.com/europe
Ray Rice apology falls short
In an NBC interview, the running back
apologized for punching Janay Rice,
but he did not explain his actions
beyond saying he had ‘‘one bad night,’’
Juliet Macur writes. nytimes.com/football
STOCK INDEXES
WEDNESDAY
s The Dow 12:30pm 17,887.13
t FTSE 100 close
6,716.63
s Nikkei 225 close
17,720.43
OIL
+0.04%
–0.38%
+0.32%
NEW YORK, WEDNESDAY 12:30PM
t Light sweet crude
$67.23
–$0.64
© Didier Gourdon
We’ve erased the ruins of the World
Trade Center, but the foreign policy of
fear that 9/11 instilled is still very much
inside us — too much so. OPINION, 9
IRAN, PAGE 7
Gay mayor in Poland? No big deal
And the champion (hic!) is …
Thomas L. Friedman
said on Tuesday. ‘‘It’s up to the Iraqi
government to de-conflict that airspace.’’
Iran has also delivered weapons to
the Lebanese army and supported the
Shiite Houthi rebels in Yemen that have
taken over the capital, Sana, where on
Wednesday a car bomb struck the Iranian ambassador’s residence.
In Syria, working with Hezbollah, the
Iranian-supported Shiite militant movement, Iran has kept President Bashar alAssad in power. In Iraq, Iran has entered
in a de-facto nonaggression pact with
the United States, as the two rivals focus
on fighting the Islamic State.
Iran’s once-elusive spymaster, Maj.
Academy Awards are especially critical
for the success of art house films, Cara
Buckley writes in the Carpetbagger
blog. nytimes.com/carpetbagger
A cyberattack has exposed film piracy
and details about compensation, and
has sent a ripple of dread across the
Hollywood film industry. BUSINESS, 17
In Texas, some 150 runners were to
compete in the beer mile world
championships, combining sprinting
with chugging beers. SPORTS, 14
millions of workers whose paychecks
fluctuate with the season, an hourly
schedule or the size of a weekly commission.
Income variability is difficult to
quantify, but studies that attempt to
measure it suggest that ups and downs
in income, particularly among the
poorest 10 percent of American families,
started to rise in the 1970s, leveled off in
the early 2000s, but then increased significantly again during the recession.
A 2012 study by Daniel Sichel, an economist at Wellesley College; Douglas Elmendorf, director of the Congressional
Budget Office; and Karen Dynan, who
now heads the Treasury Department’s
Office of Economic Policy, found that
‘‘household income became noticeably
PAYCHECK, PAGE 18
When Iranian fighter jets struck extremist targets this week in Iraq, enforcing a self-declared buffer zone along
the border, it was only the latest display
of Tehran’s new willingness to conduct
military operations openly on foreign
battlefields rather than covertly and
through proxies.
The shift stems in part from Iran’s
deepening military role in Iraq in the
war against the Sunni extremists of the
Islamic State. But it also reflects a profound shift in Iran’s strategy, a new effort to exert Shiite influence around the
region and counter Sunni powers such
as Saudi Arabia.
Analysts also say it follows a calculation that what Iran’s rulers see as a less
engaged United States will tolerate or
even encourage their overt military activities. While there is no direct coordination with the United States military in
the region, there is what might be characterized as a de facto nonaggression
pact, where the two sides stay out of
each other’s way, as the Syrian government and the Americans do in managing airstrikes in Syria.
‘‘We are flying missions over Iraq, we
coordinate with the Iraqi government
as we conduct those,’’ Rear Adm. John
F. Kirby, the Pentagon’s press secretary,
CALIBER RM 07-01
www.richardmille.com