 # Practice Exam #6 - Mr. Britton / FHS Physics

```AP Physics
Practice Exam #6
Name:
Hour:
Practice Exam #6
Practice Exam Scoring Instructions:
 Each practice exam will be administered in class under official AP testing conditions.
 If absent, you are on the honor system to adhere to AP rules about equation sheets, calculators, and time.
 Your homework for each practice exam: (1) score it using the scoring key provided, (2) thoroughly correct
all errors, (3) add the points earned for correcting errors and compute the total score below.
 Each practice exam, corrected, with the score sheet (below) filled out, is due Tuesday, May 12, 2015.
 Round all scores to the nearest 0.1 pt.
Score Sheet
Multiple Choice (35 Q's)
x1 =
Number of MC Q’s Correct
(max. 35)
(max. 35)
x 0.8 =
Number of MC Q’s Corrected
(and mostly to fully understood)
Special Instructions (This test only): Take this test in 45 minutes. Afterwards go to the
If this link doesn’t work, go to YouTube and search the following:
1998 AP Physics C Mechanics multiple choice solutions
Total Score / Practice Exam 6
(round scores to the nearest 0.1)
Practice Exam #6 – Page 1
/35
AP Physics
Practice Exam #6
Name:
Practice Exam #6 – Page 2
Hour:
Practice Exam #6
AP Physics
1.
Name:
Hour:
A force F is exerted by a broom handle on the head of the broom, which has a mass m. The
handle is at an angle  to the horizontal, as shown below. The work done by the force on the head of the
broom as it moves a distance d across a horizontal floor is
[1998/1]
(A) 𝐹𝑑 sin 𝜃
(B) 𝐹𝑑 cos 𝜃
(C) 𝐹𝑚 cos 𝜃
(D) 𝐹𝑚 tan 𝜃
(E) 𝐹𝑚𝑑 sin 𝜃
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
2.
The velocity of a projectile at launch has a horizontal component 𝑣ℎ and a vertical component 𝑣𝑣
Air resistance is negligible. When the projectile is at the highest point of its trajectory, which of the
following show the vertical and horizontal components of its velocity and the vertical component of its
acceleration?
[1998/2]
Vertical Horizontal
Velocity Velocity
Vertical
Acceleration
(A)
𝑣𝑣
𝑣ℎ
0
(B)
𝑣𝑣
0
0
(C)
0
𝑣ℎ
0
(D)
0
0
𝑔
(E)
0
𝑣ℎ
𝑔
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
3.
The graph above shows the velocity v as a function of time t for an object moving in a straight
line. Which of the following graphs shows the corresponding displacement x as a function of time t for
the same time interval?
[1998/3]
Practice Exam #6 – Page 3
AP Physics
4.
Practice Exam #6
Name:
Hour:
The position of a toy locomotive moving on a straight track along the 𝑥-axis is given by the equation 𝑥 = 𝑡 3 − 6𝑡 2 + 9𝑡 , where 𝑥 is in meters and 𝑡 is in seconds. The net force on the locomotive is
equal to zero when t is equal to
[1998/4]
(A) zero
(B) 2 s
(C) 3 s
(D) 4 s
(E) 5 s
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
5.
A system of two wheels fixed to each other is free to rotate about a frictionless axis through the
common center of the wheels and perpendicular to the page. Four forces are exerted tangentially to the
rims of the wheels, as shown above. The magnitude of the net torque on the system about the axis is
[1998/5]
(A) zero
(B) 𝐹𝑅
(C) 2 𝐹𝑅
(D) 5 𝐹𝑅
(E) 14 𝐹𝑅
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
6.
A wheel of mass M and radius R rolls on a level surface without slipping. If the angular velocity
of the wheel is 𝜔, what is its linear momentum ?
[1998/6]
(A) 𝑀𝜔𝑅
(B) 𝑀𝜔2 𝑅
(C) 𝑀𝜔𝑅 2
(D) 𝑀𝜔2 𝑅2 /2
(E) Zero
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Questions 7-8
Refer to a ball that is tossed straight up from the surface of a small, spherical asteroid with no atmosphere.
The ball rises to a height equal to the asteroid's radius and then falls straight down toward the surface of the
asteroid.
7.
[1998/7]
What forces, if any, act on the ball while it is on the way up?
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
Only a decreasing gravitational force that acts downward
Only an increasing gravitational force that acts downward
Only a constant gravitational force that acts downward
Both a constant gravitational force that acts downward and a decreasing force that acts
upward
(E) No forces act on the ball.
Practice Exam #6 – Page 4
Practice Exam #6
AP Physics
8.
Name:
Hour:
The acceleration of the ball at the top of its path is
[1998/8]
(A) at its maximum value for the ball's flight
(B) equal to the acceleration at the surface of the asteroid
(C) equal to one-half the acceleration at the surface of the asteroid
(D) equal to one-fourth the acceleration at the surface of the asteroid
(E) zero
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
9.
The equation of motion of a simple harmonic oscillator is 𝑑2 /𝑑𝑡 2 = −9𝑥 , where 𝑥 is
displacement and 𝑡 is time. The period of oscillation is
[1998/9]
(A) 6𝜋
(B) 9/2𝜋
(C) 3/2𝜋
(D) 2𝜋/3
(E) 2𝜋/9
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
10.
A pendulum with a period of 1 second on Earth, where the acceleration due to gravity is g, is
taken to another planet, where its period is 2 seconds. The acceleration due to gravity on the other
planet is most nearly
[1998/10]
(A) 𝑔/4
(B) 𝑔/2
(C) 𝑔
(D) 2𝑔
(E) 4𝑔
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
11.
A satellite of mass M moves in a circular orbit of radius R with constant speed v. True
[1998/11]
I. Its angular speed is 𝑣/𝑅.
II. Its tangential acceleration is zero.
III. The magnitude of its centripetal acceleration is constant.
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)
I only
II only
I and III only
II and III only
I, II, and III
Practice Exam #6 – Page 5
Practice Exam #6
AP Physics
12.
Name:
Hour:
The graph above shows the force on an object of mass M as a function of time. For the time
interval 0 to 4 s, the total change in the momentum of the object is
[1998/12]
(A) 40 kgm/s
(B) 20 kgm/s
(C) 0 kgm/s
(D) −20 kgm/s
(E) indeterminable unless the mass M of the object is known
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
13.
As shown in the top view above, a disc of mass m is moving horizontally to the right with speed
𝑣 on a table with negligible friction when it collides with a second disc of mass 2m The second disc is
moving horizontally to the right with speed 𝑣/2 at the moment of impact. The two discs stick together
upon impact. The speed of the composite body immediately after the collision is
[1998/13]
(A) 𝑣/3
(B) 𝑣/2
(C) 2𝑣/3
(D) 3𝑣/2
(E) 2𝑣
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Questions 14-15
A spring has a force constant of 100 N/m and an unstretched length of 0.07 m. One end is attached to a post
that is free to rotate in the center of a smooth table, as shown in the top view above. The other end is attached
to a 1 kg disc moving in uniform circular motion on the table, which stretches the spring by 0.03 m. Friction is
negligible.
14.
[1998/14]
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)
What is the centripetal force on the disc?
0.3 N
3N
10 N
300 N
1,000 N
Practice Exam #6 – Page 6
Practice Exam #6
AP Physics
15.
[1998/15]
Name:
Hour:
What is the work done on the disc by the spring during one full circle?
(A) 0 J
(B) 94 J
(C) 186 J
(D) 314 J
(E) 628 J
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Questions 16-17 refer to the following graph, which represents a hypothetical potential energy curve for a
particle of mass m.
16.
17.
[1998/16]
If the particle is released from rest at position 𝑟0 , its speed at position 2𝑟0 is most nearly
(A)
√
8𝑈0
(B)
√
6𝑈0
(C)
√
4𝑈0
(D)
√
2𝑈0
(E)
√
𝑈0
𝑚
𝑚
𝑚
𝑚
𝑚
If the potential energy function is given by U(r) = br-3/2 + c, where b and c are constants, which
of the following is an expression for the force on the particle?
[1998/17]
(A)
(B)
(C)
3𝑏 −5/2
𝑟
2
3𝑏 −1/2
𝑟
2
3 −1/2
𝑟
2
(D) 2𝑏𝑟 −1/2 + 𝑐𝑟
(E)
2𝑏 −5/2
𝑟
+ 𝑐𝑟
5
Practice Exam #6 – Page 7
AP Physics
18.
Practice Exam #6
Name:
Hour:
A frictionless pendulum of length 3 m swings with an amplitude of 10°. At its maximum
displacement, the potential energy of the pendulum is 10 J. What is the kinetic energy of the pendulum
when its potential energy is 5 J ?
[1998/18]
(A) 3.3 J
(B) 5 J
(C) 6.7 J
(D) 10 J
(E) 15 J
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
19.
A descending elevator of mass 1,000 kg is uniformly decelerated to rest over a distance of 8 m
by a cable in which the tension is 11,000 N. The speed 𝑣𝑖 of the elevator at the beginning of the 8 m
descent is most nearly
[1998/19]
(A) 4 m/s
(B) 10 m/s
(C) 13 m/s
(D) 16 m/s
(E) 21 m/s
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
20.
Two identical stars, a fixed distance D apart, revolve in a circle about their mutual center of
mass, as shown above. Each star has mass M and speed v. G is the universal gravitational constant.
Which of the following is a correct relationship among these quantities?
[1998/20]
(A) 𝑣 2 = 𝐺𝑀/𝐷
(B) 𝑣 2 = 𝐺𝑀/2𝐷
(C) 𝑣 2 = 𝐺𝑀/𝐷 2
(D) 𝑣 2 = 𝑀𝐺𝐷
(E) 𝑣 2 = 2𝐺𝑀2 /𝐷
Practice Exam #6 – Page 8
Practice Exam #6
AP Physics
Name:
Hour:
Questions 21-22
A block of mass m is accelerated across a rough surface by a force of magnitude F that is exerted at an angle 𝜙
with the horizontal, as shown above. The frictional force on the block exerted by the surface has magnitude f.
21.
[1998/21]
What is the acceleration of the block?
(A) 𝐹/𝑚
(B) 𝐹 cos 𝜙/𝑚
(C) (𝐹 − 𝑓)/𝑚
(D) (𝐹 cos 𝜙 − 𝑓)/𝑚
(E) (𝐹 sin 𝜙 − 𝑚𝑔)/𝑚
22.
[1998/22]
What is the coefficient of friction between the block and the surface?
(A) 𝑓/𝑚𝑔
(B) 𝑚𝑔/𝑓
(C) (𝑚𝑔 − 𝐹 cos 𝜙)/𝑓
(D) 𝑓/(𝑚𝑔 − 𝐹 cos 𝜙)
(E) 𝑓/(𝑚𝑔 − 𝐹 sin 𝜙)
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
23.
[1998/23]
This question was omitted and not counted when the exam was scored.
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
24.
Two people are initially standing still on frictionless ice. They push on each other so that one
person, of mass 120 kg, moves to the left at 2 m/s, while the other person, of mass 80 kg, moves to the
right at 3 m/s. What is the velocity of their center of mass?
[1998/24]
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)
Zero
0.5 m/s to the left
1 m/s to the right
2.4 m/s to the left
2.5 m/s to the right
Practice Exam #6 – Page 9
AP Physics
25.
Practice Exam #6
Name:
Hour:
A figure of a dancer on a music box moves counterclockwise at constant speed around the path
shown above. The path is such that the lengths of its segments, PQ, QR, RS, and SP, are equal. Arcs QR
and SP are semicircles. Which of the following best represents the magnitude of the dancer's
acceleration as a function of time t during one trip around the path, beginning at point P ?
[1998/25]
Practice Exam #6 – Page 10
Practice Exam #6
AP Physics
26.
Name:
Hour:
A target T lies flat on the ground 3 m from the side of a building that is 10 m tall, as shown
above. A student rolls a ball off the horizontal roof of the building in the direction of the target. Air
resistance is negligible. The horizontal speed with which the ball must leave the roof if it is to strike the
target is most nearly
[1998/26]
(A) 3/10 m/s
(B) √2 m/s
(C)
3
√2
m/s
(D) 3 m/s
5
(E) 10√3 m/s
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
27.
To stretch a certain nonlinear spring by an amount x requires a force 𝐹 given by = 40𝑥 − 6𝑥 2 ,
where 𝐹 is in newtons and 𝑥 is in meters. What is the change in potential energy when the spring is
stretched 2 meters from its equilibrium position?
[1998/27]
(A) 16 J
(B) 28 J
(C) 56 J
(D) 64 J
(E) 80 J
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
28.
When a block slides a certain distance down an incline, the work done by gravity is 300 J. What
is the work done by gravity if this block slides the same distance up the incline?
[1998/28]
(A) 300 J
(B) Zero
(C) −300 J
(D) It cannot be determined without knowing the distance the block slides.
(E) It cannot be determined without knowing the coefficient of friction.
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
29.
A particle moves in the 𝑥𝑦-plane with coordinates given by 𝑥 = 𝐴 cos 𝜔𝑡 and 𝑦 = 𝐴 sin 𝜔𝑡 ,
where A = 1.5 meters and 𝜔 = 2.0 radians per second. What is the magnitude of the particle's
acceleration?
[1998/29]
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)
Zero
1.3 m/s2
3.0 m/s2
4.5 m/s2
6.0 m/s2
Practice Exam #6 – Page 11
AP Physics
30.
Practice Exam #6
Name:
Hour:
For the wheel-and-axle system shown above, which of the following expresses the condition
required for the system to be in static equilibrium?
[1998/30]
(A) 𝑚1 = 𝑚2
(B) 𝑎𝑚1 = 𝑏𝑚2
(C) 𝑎𝑚2 = 𝑏𝑚1
(D) 𝑎2 𝑚1 = 𝑏 2 𝑚2
(E) 𝑏 2 𝑚1 = 𝑎2 𝑚2
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
31.
An object having an initial momentum that may be represented by the vector above strikes an
object that is initially at rest. Which of the following sets of vectors may represent the momenta of the
two objects after the collision?
[1998/31]
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)
Practice Exam #6 – Page 12
Practice Exam #6
AP Physics
Name:
Hour:
Questions 32-33
A wheel with rotational inertia I is mounted on a fixed, frictionless axle. The angular speed 𝜔 of the wheel is
increased from zero to 𝜔𝑓 in a time interval T.
32.
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)
33.
What is the average net torque on the wheel during this time interval?
[1998/32]
𝜔𝑓
𝑇
𝜔𝑓
𝑇2
𝐼𝜔𝑓2
𝑇
𝐼𝜔𝑓
𝑇2
𝐼𝜔𝑓
𝑇
[1998/33]
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)
What is the average power input to the wheel during this time interval?
𝐼𝜔𝑓
2𝑇
𝐼𝜔𝑓2
2𝑇
𝐼𝜔𝑓2
2𝑇 2
𝐼 2 𝜔𝑓
2𝑇 2
𝐼 2 𝜔𝑓2
2𝑇 2
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
34.
An object is released from rest at time t = 0 and falls through the air, which exerts a resistive
force such that the acceleration a of the object is given by 𝑎 = 𝑔 − 𝑏𝑣 , where 𝑣 is the object's speed
and 𝑏 is a constant. If limiting cases for large and small values of t are considered, which of the following
is a possible expression for the speed of the object as an explicit function of time?
[1998/34]
(A) 𝑣 = 𝑔(1 − 𝑒 −𝑏𝑡 )/𝑏
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)
𝑣
𝑣
𝑣
𝑣
= (𝑔𝑒 ℎ𝑡 )/𝑏
= 𝑔𝑡 − 𝑏𝑡 2
= (𝑔 + 𝑎)𝑡/𝑏
= 𝑣0 + 𝑔𝑡 , 𝑣0 ≠ 0
Practice Exam #6 – Page 13
Practice Exam #6
AP Physics
35.
Name:
Hour:
An ideal massless spring is fixed to the wall at one end, as shown above. A block of mass M
attached to the other end of the spring oscillates with amplitude A on a frictionless, horizontal surface.
The maximum speed of the block is 𝑣𝑚 . The force constant of the spring is
[1998/35]
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)
𝑀𝑔
𝐴
𝑀𝑔𝑣𝑚
2𝐴
2
𝑀𝑣𝑚
2𝐴
2
𝑀𝑣𝑚
𝐴2
2
𝑀𝑣𝑚
2𝐴2
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
End of MC Section
Answer Key — See Instructions on page 1.
Practice Exam #6 – Page 14
``` # 2.1a Uniform Motion Grahps.notebook October 12, 2014 v =   d 