The project brought out a level of creativity amongst the... they develop their own art.

Illuminated Letter
The project brought out a level of creativity amongst the students that continues as
they develop their own art.
Curriculum/State Standards
Understanding the role of visual art in
people’s lives and the historical, cultural
and social contexts they contribute.
Creative expression and communication.
Understanding how to use the elements
and principles of art and created images
to communicate ideas.
Valuing the arts and aesthetic reflection.
Understanding relationships between
and among concepts and Ideas that are
common across subjects in the curriculum
Each student designed their own
personalized letter in the illuminated
medieval style coupled with the modern
method of Zentangle® drawing skills.
Students learned the elements of art
such as line, shape, texture and color to
enhance their letter as well as the use
of various media such as moving from a
pencil to pen. Students will have created
an individual and unique work of art.
The student will learn how books and
letters were created before the invention
of the printing press during medieval
The student will engage the right side
of the brain in drawing and designing,
inspired by the Zentangle® method of
pattern drawing created by Rick Roberts
and Maria Thomas. Website zentangle.
The student will experience drawing
techniques using an ultra fine marker to
create letters of their own.
The student will relax while creating art
l supplies. chan
watercolor paper 12” x 18” / various
drawing paper.
watercolor sets
metallic markers
Zentangle® books
graphite pencils
ultra fine pens
ultra fine black pens
gel pens
blending sticks
kneaded erasers
Sharpie pens
Saral transfer paper
Readiness Activity
Students were presented with the
historical background and design
of medieval art books incorporating
Illuminated Letters. Books of the
medieval period originally were created
and recopied by hand, instead of the
printing press, the lettering styles used
were a form of art. Students watched a
demonstration of Zentangle® pattern
designs, which is the art of creating
images using repetitive patterns of
drawing. Students also viewed different
websites on Zentangle® via an iPad.
Students practiced Zentangle® patterns
with different media on a variety of
paper, note cards, bookmarks, canvas,
and masks. The purpose was to
familiarize the students with the methods
of Zentangle® and to prepare them for
their own Illuminated Letter Project.
1) Learn how books and letters were
created before the invention of the
printing press.
What part did Medieval Art and History
Danielle Kutis
West Park Catholic Academy
Cleveland, OH
Illuminated Letter
play in the creation of Illuminated
Letters, the printed book and
Illuminated Manuscripts?
2) Present tools for drawing
and creating letter. How does
the understanding of materials,
processes, tools, media,
techniques, and technology
benefit the creation of artwork?
3) Show examples of illuminated
letter projects using Zentangle®
techniques. Why do artist
create art using patterns like
4) Handouts of Zentangle®
5) Drawing techniques using an
ultra fine tip black permanent
marker. Demonstrate the uses
of Elements of Art: line, shape,
texture, and color.
6) Create and develop and
understand individual Zentangle®
7) Demonstrate the set up using
a template for border and letter
8) Use templates to create
borders and letters.
9) Describe the purposes different
people have for creating works
of art: interest, professional,
relaxation, art students, doodling,
books, cards, artwork and
Culminating Activity
Students were challenged to
work with different materials and
media, to think creatively on the
Observe students while learning
and practicing Zentangle®
Class Critique.
Student self-evaluation using a
Grade Illuminated Letter.
Evaluation Method
1) Students will be under
observation throughout the
project to evaluate understanding
of the methods used and skills
learned, through hands on
2) Students will undergo a
class critique as a compare and
contrast of styles and design
3) What were the student’s
thoughts about what they have
learned? A student self-evaluation
will be given using a rubric that
includes effort, artisanship, and
4) A final grade will be given
based on correct completion of
the project.