Multiple Choice 1. 7.

Prologue Test
Multiple Choice
1. While Thomas Jefferson was writing the
Declaration of Independence, the book most
likely to be found on his night stand would be
from this author.
A. Baron de Montesquieu
B. John Locke
C. Thomas Hobbes
D. Voltaire
2. The Americans established a system of
checks and balances. This most closely
resembles the theories of this man.
A. Baron de Montesquieu
B. John Locke
C. Thomas Hobbes
D. Voltaire
3. Written by Thomas Hobbes, this book
outlined the need for a “social contract”
between King and Subjects
A. The Social Contract
B. Leviathan
C. Gulliver’s Travels
D. The Prince
4. A type of gov’t employed by the U.S. after
ratification of the Constitution
A. Constitutional Monarchy
B. Presidential Monarchy
C. Presidential Democracy
D. Parliamentary Democracy
5. The legacy of Roman law is one of
establishment. This emperor saw to it that a
code was created that informed citizens of the
laws that governed them.
A. Cesar
B. Cleisthenes
C. Justinian
D. Pericles
6. “Powers not granted to the national
government belong to the states and to the
This is the interpretation of which
amendment to the U.S. Constitution and what
type of gov’t does it create?
A. 10; popular sovereignty
B. 1; freedom of speech/religion
C. 10; Federal Republic
D. 9; Federal Republic
7. The Judeo-Christian traditions established
over many hundreds of years benefited the
development of democracy by emphasizing:
A. Cooperation / Frugality
B. Individual Worth / Social Conscience
C. Individual Worth / Ingenuity
D. Social Conscience / Morality
8. Created by scientific successes, these are
rules discoverable by reason. A key belief for
enlightenment thinkers.
A. natural rights
B. social contract theory
C. natural law
D. separation of powers
9. This document is the earliest contract
between noblemen and their King in regards
to noblemen’s rights
A. English Bill of Rights
B. Constitution
C. Declaration of the Rights of Man
D. Magna Carta
10. Greek philosopher Solon spoke and wrote
on the impact of freeing slaves & eliminating
farmer’s debts. These ideas emphasized:
A. Individual Worth
B. Equality
C. Economic freedom
D. Ownership rights
11. William & Mary were crowned as King &
Queen of England only after they agreed to
sign the;
A. English Bill of Rights
B. Constitution
C. Declaration of the Rights of Man
D. Magna Carta
12. A type of gov’t in which the King/Queen’s
power is limited by law
A. Parliamentary Democracy
B. Presidential Democracy
C. Absolute Monarchy
D. Constitutional Monarchy
13. In his book The Social Contract, this man
stated that governments exist only with the
consent of those governed.
A. John Locke
B. Denis Diderot
C. Jean-Jacques Rousseau
D. Voltaire
14. The theory that governments get their
power from the people is known as:
A. natural law
B. the social contract
C. popular sovereignty
D. divine right
“The state of Monarchy is the
supremest thing upon earth; for kings
are not only God’s lieutenants upon
earth and sit upon God’s throne, but
even by God they are called gods…”
In this quote, King James I argues on behalf of
which of the following beliefs
A. natural law
B. the social contract
C. popular sovereignty
D. divine right
16. A Scottish Economist and author of The
Wealth of Nations, this man argued that what
would determine the market?
A. Smith/ Supply & Demand
B. Smith/ Competition
C. Locke / Supply & Demand
D. Paine / Competition
17. When the British closed Boston Harbor,
men protested by…
A. the Boston Massacre
B. the Boston Tea Party
C. the Boston Red Sox
D. declaring war
18. “The enemy of my enemy is my friend.”
This quote could be the reason for…
A. Galileo’s trial and excommunication by
the church
B. Montesquieu’s insistence on the
separation of powers
C. French entry into the American
Revolution in 1778.
D. Catherine the Great’s defeat of a
peasant revolt in 1787.
19. These two towns were the site of the
Revolution’s first battle.
A. Lexington/Boston
B. Concord/Boston
C. Philadelphia/Concord
D. Lexington/Concord
20. By the end of the 1600s, what had
England’s system of government become?
A. An absolute monarchy
B. A military dictatorship
C. A constitutional monarchy
D. A parliamentary democracy
21. An intellectual “awakening” that tries to
apply the methods of science to all aspects of
A. the reformation
B. the enlightenment
C. the renaissance
D. the Glorious Revolution
22. Adam Smith would have argued for a
government’s use of this policy in regards to
A. laissez-faire
B. Communism
C. Socialism
D. heavy regulation
23. This British Tax was the first to create
widespread protest in the American colonies
A. Tea Act
B. Intolerable Acts
C. Stamp Act
D. Quartering Act
24. Which of these aspects of the U.S. gov’t was
most influenced by enlightenment thought?
A. three/fifths compromise
B. the federal court system
C. separation of powers
D. the direct election of senators
25. Which of the following has an executive
branch responsible to the legislature?
A. Absolute Monarchy
B. Parliamentary Monarchy
C. Presidential Democracy
D. Parliamentary Democracy
26. Which feature of the U.S. gov’t is taken
from the example set by England?
A. two house legislature
B. checks & balances
C. direct election of senators
D. judicial review
27. This treaty ended the American Revolution.
A. Treaty of Paris
B. Treaty of London
C. Magna Carta
D. Treaty of Portsmouth
28. Which of the following statements best
describes a representative democracy?
A. One person or a small group of people
holds the power
B. The king appoints a parliament to
represent the people
C. An elected president limits the powers
of the courts.
D. The government rules by the consent
of the people.
29. With a reign of 60 years, this King’s
stubborn attitude lost his country valuable
A. Louis XVI
B. Louis XIV
C. James I
D. George III
30. “The only representatives of the
people of these colonies are persons
chosen therein by themselves; and
that no taxes ever have been, or can
be constitutionally imposed on them
but by their respective legislatures.”
-Statement by the Stamp Act Congress, 1765
What is a valid conclusion that can be drawn
from this quotation?
A. Only the colonists’ elected
representatives should have the power to
levy taxes
B. The colonial legislature should be
appointed by the English King with the
consent of Parliament
C. The English King should have the tight
to tax the colonists.
D. The colonists should be opposed to all
31. A collector of Enlightenment articles, this
man published a 28 volume collection called:
A. Locke/ Treatises of Government
B. Diderot / Encyclopedia
C. Diderot / Leviathan
D. Smith / The Wealth of Nations
32. Exiled by his subjects during the Glorious
Revolution, this Monarch was replaced by
William and Mary.
A. Charles I
B. James I
C. James II
D. Marie Antoinette
33. Martin Luther nailed his 95 thesis to the
door of the church for which he worked.
What was he protesting, and what event was
the result?
A. Judaism / Glorious Revolution
B. Catholicism / Reformation
C. Protestantism / Reformation
D. Catholicism / Inquisition
34. Locke’s three natural rights were:
A. Life/Liberty/pursuit of Happiness
B. Speech/Religion/Press
C. Life/Liberty/Property
D. Life/Property/Prosperity
35. The first ten amendments to the U.S.
Constitution are called this and were
influenced most heavily by:
A. Bill of Rights/English Bill of Rights
B. Bill of Rights/Articles of Confederation
C. Rights of Change/Declaration of Rights
D. Bill of Rights / Magna Carta
Extended Response
Complete the following on the page provided
36. Compare and contrast Absolute and
Constitutional Monarchies (2pts)
37. Compare and contrast direct and indirect
democracies (2pts)
38. Connect the ideas of the following people
to specific aspects of either the American
Revolution or the post-Constitutional U.S.
gov’t. (4pts)
 Locke
 Montesquieu
 Voltaire
 Rousseau