By: Tala Malli Kenzy Zakaria Grade: 6A Tropical Rainforests are forests that contain a lot of trees. It always has a warm climate so it is not so cold. It rains very much and in some rainforests it rains more than an inch everyday. "Tropical Rainforests." Websites for Kids. ©mongabay.com , 2008. Web. 11 Mar 2010. <http://kids.mongabay.com/elementary/001.html>. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Mar 2010. <http://www.mongabay.com/images/rainforests/world_forest_cover_2000.j pg>. Tropical Rainforests and Rainforests are found in Africa, Asia ,Australia, and Central and South America. The largest Rainforest in the world is the Amazon Rainforest. Rainforests are also found in the tropics between the Tropic of Capricorn and Tropic of Cancer. Rainforests stabilize the earth’s climate by absorbing the carbon dioxide (CO2) and then produces oxygen (O2). In this part of the region the sun is very strong and shines about the same amount of time every day, all year long making the climate warm and stable. Rainforests also affect local weather conditions by creating rainfall and moderating temperatures. Stuff in the Air.com, 2003-2010. Web. 14 Mar 2010. <http://www.stuffintheair.com/images/Rain-Forest.jpg>. "RAINFORESTS HELP STABILIZE CLIMATE." Web Sites for Kids. ©mongabay.com , 2008. Web. 14 Mar 2010. <http://kids.mongabay.com/elementary/402.html>. In the Tropical Rainforests and in the non- Tropical Rainforests there are many species of animals, for example: Mammals Birds Reptiles Amphibians Insects Here they are: … Stuff in the Air.com, 2003-2010. Web. 14 Mar 2010. <http://www.stuffintheair.com/images/Rain-Forest.jpg>. Many different species of animals have different adaptations. Mammals' adaptations are having thick fur to protect them from the cold. Or to have colored skin to camouflage them so predators cannot attack them. Mammal sizes range from Tiny Mouse Lemurs to African Forest Elephants. The first 2 types of Mammals are best known. There are 3 types of mammals. They are the Profile Primates, Cats, and the other types of animals. Profile Primates: Cats: Jaguar Ocelot Bolivian Fray Titi Dusky Titi Monkey Ebony Langur Golden Lion Tamarin Gorilla Lemurs Long- Tailed Macaque Macaque Orangutan Proboscis Monkey Squirrel Monkey Wied’s Tufted- Eared Marmoset Woolly Monkey Other animals in the rainforests: Kids. "RAINFOREST MAMMALS ." Web Sites for ©mongabay.com , 2008. Web. 14 Mar 2010. <http://kids.mongabay.com/elementary/202.html>. African Forest Buffalo Agouti Babirusa Bat Bearded Pig Capybara Coatimundi Elephant Giant Anteater Giant River Otter Malayan Tapir Okapi Sloth Sumatra Rhino Tapir Wild Boar The sloth is one of the mammals in the Tropical Rainforests. Sloths are remarkably slow – moving animals. They are found in Central and South America. There are 2 different species of Sloths. There is the two- toed and the three- toed. Most of the Sloths’ sizes are as big as a small dog. Their heads are very flat and short. They move so slowly that camouflaging algae on their coats. The adaptations of the sloths are, moving extremely slowly so no predators can see them. Also, since they move very slowly, green colored algae camouflages in the forest so any other predators won’t find them. "Sloth." Learning About Rainforests. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Mar 2010. <http://www.srl.caltech.edu/personnel/ krubal/rainforest/Edit560s6/www/ani mals/slothpage.html>. "How is a sloth adapted to live in a rainforest?." Wiki Answers. Copyright © Answers Corporation, 2010. Web. 17 Mar 2010. <http://wiki.answers.com/Q/How_is_a_sloth_adapted_to_live_in_a_rainforest>. There are many varieties of Birds that include parrots, hornbills, toucans, and raptors like eagles, hawks and vultures. Some of the migratory birds, during the winter, stay in rainforests and then return in Spring and Summer. Some of the Birds’ adaptations are: The beaks of the Parrots and Toucans give them a great advantage over other birds with smaller beaks. The fruits and nuts from many trees have evolved with a tough shell to protect them from predators. In turn toucans and parrots developed large strong beaks, which serves as a nutcracker and provides them with many tasty meals. African Grey Parrot Great Blue Turaco Scarlet Ibis Asian Pied Hornbill Hyacinth Macaw Black Lapped Lory Malachite Kingfisher Blue and Gold Macaw Milky Stork Concave- Casqued Motmot Hornbill Nicobar Pigeon Double – Wattled Parrot Cassowary Peacock Fiery – Billed Anacari Rainbow Lorikeet Golden –Neck Cassowary Red Lorikeet "Sloth." New World Encyclopedia. New Rhinoceros Hornbill World Encyclopedia, 17 October 2008, at 16:38. Web. 17 Mar 2010. <http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/en try/Sloth>. Scarlet Macaw Swainson’s Toucan Toucan Westerned – Crowned Pigeon Wrethed Hornbill Yellow – Crested Cockatoo & In Tropical Rainforests many Reptiles and Amphibians live. These are found in not all of the Tropical Rainforests. Unfortunately, many of these species are under threat due to their habitat loss, pet trade, and environmental change. Amphibians are particularly at risk because of an outbreak of a deadly disease that is spreading around the world. This disease has killed approximately 170 species of frogs and toads over the past 30 years. Scientists have still not investigated what has been causing the outbreak or how this outbreak could be controlled. Emergency measures have been accomplished for some of the endangered species, which are being collected and kept in zoos, aquariums, and botanical gardens until cures for these animals can be found. The types of reptiles and amphibians will be on the next slide. "Rainforest Reptiles & Amphibians ." Web Sites for Kids. ©mongabay.com , 2008. Web. 17 Mar 2010. <http://kids.mongabay.com/elementary/204.html> Reptiles: Lizards: Snakes: Crocodiles: Boa Constrictor African Slender – Cave Dwelling Ratsnake Snouted Crocodile Gmelin’s Bronzeback Caiman Green Bush Viper Green Tree Python Anole Chameleon Crowned Adamid Day Gecko Fijian Iguana Green-Eyed Gecko Leaf Chameleon Leaf - Tailed Gecko Mangrove Monitor Water Monitor Lizard Amphibians: Frogs: Blue Poison Dart Frog Yellow Poison Dart Frog Green Poison Dart Frog Giant Monkey Frog Panama Golden Frog Tomato Frog White Tree’s Frog "Rainforest Reptiles & Amphibians ." Web Sites for Kids. ©mongabay.com , 2008. Web. 17 Mar 2010. <http://kids.mongabay.com/elementary/204.html> blue poison dart frog." a total wild exprience. All Content , 2007-2010. Web. 17 Mar 2010. <http://www.nashvillezoo.org/animals_detail.asp?animalID=57>. Most of the species in the Tropical Rainforests are insects. Approximately one quarter of the animal species are named and described by scientists as beetles. Roughly 500,000 kinds of beetles exist. The types of insects that are in the Tropical Rainforests are: Archduke Butterfly Beetles Butterflies Clear- Winged Butterfly Dragonfly Dung Beetle Owl Butterfly Pill Millipede Praying Mantis "Rainforest insects ." Web Sites for Kids. ©mongabay.com , 2008. Web. 17 Mar 2010. <http://kids.mongabay.com/elementary/206.html>. St. Patrick's , . "butterflies of the tropical rainforests." outdoor living. Amazon.com , 2010. Web. 17 Mar 2010. <http://www.outdoorlivingsupplies.com/butterflies_of_the_tropica Around two-thirds of the world’s plants are found in the Tropical Rainforests. The plants there provide shelter and food for all the species of animals. As well as absorbing the CO2 (carbon dioxide) and releasing the O2 (oxygen). Tropical Rainforest plants live in a warm and humid environment which allows a huge variation rare in more of the temperate climates. Some of them, like the orchids, have beautiful flowers that adapt to attract very large amounts of insects. "PLANTS OF THE RAINFOREST." Learning About Rainforests. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Mar 2010. <http://www.srl.caltech.edu/personnel/krubal/rainforest/Edit560s6/www/plants.html>. The Coffee Plant The Coffee family is the largest plant family with over 6000 species. They are mostly found in the tropics in the world. However, the leaves are usually opposite to the stem or arranged in a circular arrangement. The adaptations of the Coffee Plant are: they still have the live energy when people pick them so the caffeine still lasts so anybody can drink it in coffee. Chambers, John . "Coffee Plant." Chambers Wildlife Rainforest Lodges. N.p., 1998-2009. Web. 17 Mar 2010. <http://www.rainforestaustralia.com/Coffee.htm>. The Cassowary Plum The Cassowary Plum is a very large, bright blue and eggshaped fruit. Their trees have long large leaves that are arranged in an up-right circular arrangement. The adaptations of the Cassowary Plum are: they have long leaves to help it push and grow out of the ground. Chambers, John . "Cassowary Plum." Chambers Wildlife Rainforest Lodges. N.p., 1998-2009. Web. 17 Mar 2010. <http://www.rainforestaustralia.com/Cassowary_Plum.htm>. Fork Fern The Fork Ferns are small plants that usually grow above ground in the Daintree. They have very long and thin light green stems that poke repeatedly. The adaptations of the Fork Fern are: It reproduces the spores cell so it can function properly and live. Chambers, John. "Fork Fern." Chambers Wildlife Rainforest Lodges. Tropical North Queensland, Australia, 1998-2009 . Web. 17 Mar 2010. <http://www.rainforest-australia.com/Fork_Fern.htm>. Tropical rainforests are important to everyone, not just to the plants and animals living there. For example, scientists are always discovering new plants. Some of these plants contain substances that can be made into medicines. In addition, tropical rainforests store huge quantities of carbon, while producing much of the world's oxygen. Some people call tropical rainforests the lungs of the planet because they make so much of the oxygen that animals and humans can be able to breathe. Another important role tropical rainforests play is in regulating global weather. They maintain regular rainfall. They also help prevent floods, droughts, and erosion. "WHY ARE RAINFORESTS IMPORTANT? ." Web Sites for Kids. ©mongabay.com , 2008. Web. 17 Mar 2010. <http://kids.mongabay.com/elementary/401.html>. The effects on the tropical rainforest because of human activities are: They chopped down the trees that block the sunlight. Therefore increasing temperature. They take minerals, flowers, and other things. To make beverages and medicine. They kill animals in order to get food. And when they do this, they throw the food chain and the society totally off. Like if they killed a snake, now more frogs can live and eat more grass and plants. And pretty soon they'll be no more grass and plants. And grass and plants is a main source of oxygen. And if they cut down trees along with that it would be disastrous. Then, animals would die. "TROPICAL RAINFORESTS." kids.mongabay.com. ©2008 mongabay.com , 2008. Web. 17 Mar 2010. <http://kids.mongabay.com/>. Average Temperature • In an average year in a tropical rainforest, the climate is very humid do to all of the rain which amounts to about 250cm per year. The rainforest has lots of rain because it is very hot and wet. • The climate is found near the equator. That means that is more sunlight hitting that area than any where else. The average temperature of a rain forest is about 77° Fahrenheit. In the winter the temperature is • 40o F. The most amount of rain that the rainforest has ever gotten is 180 inches. Young, Desiree. "Tropical Rainforest." Tropical Rainforest. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Mar 2010. <http://www.sterlingschools.org/shs/stf/cjones/3rdHour/Tropical%20Rainforest/TropicalRai nforesthtm.htm>. • Humans are the main cause of rainforest destruction or deforestation. Humans are cutting down rainforests for many reasons, including: • wood for both timber and wood for making fires; • agriculture for both small and large farms; • land for poor farmers who don't have anywhere else to live; • grazing land for cattle; and • road construction N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Mar 2010. <http://www.geobio-center.unimuenchen.de/bilder/web_bilder_m/siegert-borneo.jpg>. • Some steps for saving rainforests and, on a broader scale, ecosystems around the world is to focus on "TREES": • Teach others about the importance of the environment and how they can help save rainforests. • Restore damaged ecosystems by planting trees on land where forests have been cut down. • Encourage people to live in a way that doesn't hurt the environment • Establish parks to protect rainforests and wildlife • Support companies that operate in ways that minimize damage to the environment N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Mar 2010. <http://www.mongabay.com/images/peru/aerial -rainforest/Flight_1022_1555.JPG>. • The Coqui • The Puerto Rican coqui is a very small tree frog about one inch long. Some coquies look green, some brown and some yellowish - actually they are translucent. Coquies have a high pitched sound and can be heard from far away. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Mar 2010. <http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.photosofpuertorico.com/elcoqui/coqui_0012.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.pho tosofpuertorico.com/elcoqui/coqui_0012.htm&usg=__qcKvPS_5H80y09bmV8nxjypTH0=&h=455&w=650&sz=234&hl=en&start=1&um=1&itbs=1&tbnid=mYMUtnmwAtb3UM:&tbnh=96&tbnw=137&prev=/ima ges%3Fq%3D%2522coqui%2522%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26lr%3D%26safe%3Dactive%26sa%3DN%26tbs%3Disch:1>. 1. What is the world's largest rainforest? 2. What are 3 reasons why rainforests are important? 3. What are 3 reasons why rainforests are being destroyed? 4. Where are Rainforest located? 5. How much do tropical rainforest cover from the world? 6. List 3 mammals that live in the rainforest? 7. List 3 kinds of plants? "TROPICAL RAINFORESTS." kids.mongabay.com. ©2008 mongabay.com , 2008. Web. 17 Mar 2010. <http://kids.mongabay.com/>.
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