Civil Service Training Policy and Practice in India

Civil service system in India
 Permanent Civil Service based on merit system
through competitive examination introduced in 1854.
Features of Civil Services in
 Open-Entry based on competitive examination
 Elaborate training
 Permanency of tenure
 Important posts at Union, State and District level
are manned by the Officers recruited through Civil
Service Examination
 A regular graduated scales of pay, pension and
other benefits
 A system of promotions predominantly based on
seniority and performance.
Grouping of Civil Services in India
 Civil services can be grouped into 3 broad categories:
 Services whose members serve both the Union and
the States. These are termed as the All India Services
 Services whose members serve only the Union
Government, are termed as Central Civil services
(IRS, IRTS, IAAS, IPoS etc…)
 State Governments have their own Civil Services –
State Civil Services
 Training Policy and Practice in India
Guided by
 National Training Policy , adopted in 1996 and
reviewed in 2012.
 Training for all
 Cadre training Plan
Mid Career Training Plan
 Capacity Building to be Competency based.
Competency Framework
for the Civil Services
Accountability, Transparency, Equity and Inclusiveness, Participatory, Consensus
orientation, Following Rule of Law, Effectiveness and Efficiency
People First
Empathy and Respect
Achievement Orientation
Strategic Thinking
Conceptual Thinking
Decision Making
Understanding Others
Leading Others
Consultation and
Consensus Building
Self- Confidence
Developing Others
Attention to Detail
Organizational Awareness
Seeking Information
Communication Skills
Planning and Coordinating
Commitment to the
Desire for Knowledge
Innovative Thinking
Analytical Thinking
Results Orientation
Use of Technology
Code of Conduct
Training Interventions for the Civil
Induction training
Mid Career training
Domestic Long Term Public Policy Programmes
Domestic Funding of Foreign Training Scheme- Long
term, Short term and Partial Funded Programs
Customised/ tailor Made Programmes on Specific
Funding to State Training programmes
Intensive Training programme
Distance /E-Learning.
Training for Senior Civil Service
 At the entry stage officers are imparted training
covering general subjects (foundation course) and
professional training (relevant to their service).
 For All India Service & Group A officers grant of
higher scale has been linked to successful completion
of training while in service.
Training for Senior Civil Services
 For Indian Administrative Service(IAS) Officers
 Induction training
 Mid Career Training Programme
 In Service Training Programmes
 Long Term Degree Programs at India and Abroad
 Short term Programs Abroad.
Induction Training
 Foundation Course-15 wks
 Economics, History, General Principles of Law, Legal Concepts, Rule of
Law,Rule of Law, civil and Criminal Courts, Public Administration, New
Paradigm in Governance, Principles of Natural justice, CrPC, Culture, project
management, Gender Sensitisation, Preventing Corruption, Human Rights,
Administrative Laws &Tribunals, Disaster Management.
 Phase I- 26 wks
 District Administration and its Regulatory role, Land Administration,
Decentralisation, Panchayati Raj, Rural and Urban development, Health,
Education, Infrastructure, Project Management, Elections, Environment, Public
Finance, Leadership and HRM.
 District Training- 54 wks
 Attachment at District and State Head Quarters, Independent Charges,
Language Instructions and Learning.
 Phase II-8 wks
 Presentations and De-Briefing session on the experience s during district
training, foreign exposure and Seminars.
Mid Career Training Program(Mandatory)
 Phase III – After 9 years
 Project Appraisal, Public Private Partnership Foreign
Exposure, Education, Health, Rural Development and
Decentralisation, Agriculture, Urban Development, EGovernance and Public Service Delivery, Public Finance,
Environment , Energy and Climate Change.
 Phase IV-After 16 years
 Perspective Building, Public Policy Module, PPP, Health,
Decentralisation, Urban , Education, Leadership,
Negotiation. Foreign Exposure.
 Phase V-After 28 years
 Global Perspective on Governance , India’s evolving policy
environment and current policy challenges-through talks by
experts, policy papers, peer review.
In Service training Programs
 One wk programs -Areas Covered are:
 Policy Analysis and Decision Making
 Fighting Corruption
 Fiscal Policy and Macro Economic Management
 Good Governance
 Climate Change and State Preparedness
 Infrastructure Finance
 Improving Governance through Accountability
 Multidisciplinary Perspectives on Urban Development
In Service Programs –Contd
 Competition Law and Policy for Effective Policy
Procurement Procedures and Contracting
Ethics and Governance
Financial Market Regulations
Natural Resource Management
Developing Leadership[ Excellence
Ethics in Public Governance
Social Policy AND Governance
Project Analysis and Risk Analysis
Public Policy and Management
Long Term Public policy Programs
at India.
 In India
 Post Graduate Program in Public Policy and
Management IIM Bangalore -1 year
 Post Graduate Diploma in Public Policy and
Management at MDI Gurgaon.-15 months
 M.A(Public Policy and Sustainable Development ) at
TERI University-1 year
 Advanced Professional Program in public
Administration.(APPA)-1 year
Long Term Programs Abroad(DFFT
Scheme) –up to 1 year
 Overseas Program (DFFT Scheme)
 Mason Program at Harvard university
 MA International Development Policy - Duke Univ
 Master in Public Administration-Maxwell School, LKY School of Public
Policy, Hubert H. Humphery Institute , Australian National University,
Wagner School.
 Master in Public Policy- Cambridge Univ , Blavatnik School
 Master in Public Health- John Hopkins University
 M.Sc in Public Services Policy and management and M.A. South Asia
and Global Security -King’s College
 M.Sc in Public Management and Governance and M.Sc in Public Policy
and Administration.- LSE London.
 M.Sc in Global urban Development-Univ of Manchester
 Global Health and Public Policy- Univ of Edinburgh
 MA in Public Policy and Management – ISS Hague , Netherlands
 Masters in Development Management-AIM Manila
Short term programs (DFFT
Leaders in Development, Infrastructure in Market Economy, Innovation
for Economic Development, Senior Managers in Government, Driving
Government Performance, Leadership for 21st Century, Creating Collaborative
Solutions, Leadership Decision Making- Harvard Kennedy School
Budgeting and Financial Management, Fiscal Decentralization and Local
Governance, Project Appraisal and Risk Management, Tax Analysis and
Revenue Forecasting – Duke University
Certificate Programmes on Public Policy/ Administration – University of
California Berkley, Maxwell School Syracuse
Executive Development, Collaborative Leadership - OPM- EMDC/WMDC
Finance, Managerial Accounting and Financial Control, Development
Economics, Analysis and Management of Financial Risk – LSE Summer School
Leadership and Strategic Thinking - Cambridge University, ANZSOG
Management in the Public Sector, Fighting Corruption – ENA Paris
WTO International Trade and Development - Graduate Institute Geneva
Middle Level and Lower Level
 Primarily catered to by the State level Training
 Over 600 Training Institutions in India
 Approach Adopted:
 Development of trainers
 Distance Learning
 Development of Subject Specific Training modules.
 Network of the institutes for sharing of resources.
 The challenge
 Large numbers, geographically spread out, remote
locations – where the training has to be delivered.
 Strategy
 Built capacity of Line Managers to impart large scale
field training
Thank You