contact us ALBIA Flea Life Cycle 1976 684th A venue Albia, Iowa 52531 641.932.3455 larvae form pupae Adults hatch from pupae www.AlbiaVet.com Eggs hatch into larvae KNOXVILLE Animals and humans become infected Eggs shed by female into environment Fleas, like other holometabolous insects, have a four-part life cycle consisting of eggs, larvae, pupae, and adults. Eggs are shed by the female in the enviroment . Eggs hatch into larvae in about 3-4 days and feed on organic debris in the environment. The number of larval instars varies among the species. Larvae eventually form pupae , which are in cocoons that are often covered with debris from the environment (sand, pebbles, etc). The larval and pupal stages take about 3-4 weeks to complete. Afterwards, adults hatch from pupae and seek out a warm-blooded host for blood meals. The primary hosts for Ctenocephalides felis and C. canis are cats and dogs, respectively, although other mammals, including humans, may be fed upon. The primary hosts for Xenopsylla cheopis are rodents, especially rats. In North America, plague (Yersinia pestis) is cycled between X. cheopis and prairie dogs. Humans are the primary host for Pulex irritans. Source: dpd.cdc.gov/dpdx 605 West Pleasant Street Knox ville, Iowa 50138 641.828.2101 www.Knoxville-Vet.com OSKALOOSA 1015 A A venue West Oskaloosa, Iowa 52577 641.673.5525 www.OskyVet.com Flea & Tick Protocol Flea and Tick Protocol 2 - Treatment for Pet Fleas are more than just annoying! They cause ittitated skin which leads to infection and can carry a number of diseases -- including epidemic typhus and the bubonic plague (to give you two dramatic examples.) They also can carry tapeworms from dogs and rodents and transmit them to their other "hosts," even humans. In very young pets, like newborn kittens, a severe flea infestation can actually be life-threatening. Day 1: Give 1 Capstar orally. Apply Topical Treatment (ie Frontline, Vectra, etc) . Make sure topical treatments are placed directly on the skin and in accordance with the recommendations for the product. Day 2: Give 1 Capstar orally. Day 3: A bath can be given this day if needed. Treatment of animal should be repeated in 30 days and is best if treated every 30 days until at least frost. Treating all 12 months of the year is best. All pets in house must be treated even if fleas are only seen on one pet! Treatment for Home Flea and Tick Protocol 1 - Treatment for Pet Day 1: Give 1 Capstar orally. A bath can be given this day after Capstar is given to wash off any dead fleas and/or eggs. Bathing washes oils from the animal’s skin and coat so it is best if you wait 2 days before applying any topical flea treatments. Day 2: Give 1 Capstar orally. Day 3: Topical Treatment (ie Frontline, Vectra, etc). Make sure topical treatments are placed directly on the skin and in accordance with the recommendations for the product. Treatment of animal should be repeated in 30 days and is best if treated every 30 days until it is below freezing for several days in a row. Treatment should be no less than 3 months in a row. Treating all 12 months of the year is best. All pets in the house must be treated even if fleas are only seen on one pet! We recommend that in addition to treating your pet, you also treat your house and your yard to help prevent re-infestation. We carry several products in our clinics to treat your house. Some of our top sellers include Knockout ES & Siphotrol II Premise Spray. These work better than traditional flea bombs because you are able to treat the entire square footage and furniture in your home. These products contain insect growth regulators which are not generally found in products you buy over-the-counter. Please follow these steps to insure that the products work effectively. 1. Vacuum DAILY to get all the eggs or they will hatch again in 1 month. Not just the rooms that you think your pet has been in. If possible move and vaccumn under furniture. You can carry live fleas and eggs on your clothing from room to room. 2. Remove any birds from the home and cover fish tanks. 3. Wash any bedding & blankets, especially those belonging to your pets. 4. Lightly spray your entire home (carpets, hardwood, laminate and vinyl can all be sprayed). Spray furniture lightly (follow product directions for checking fabric to make sure it is color safe) and be sure to spray under couches, chairs, beds, along baseboards, cabinets and appliances in the kitchen. You and your pets should be out of the home at least long enough to let the product dry (generally 15-20 min). **Follow the same procedure above and retreat your home in 7-10 days. If infestation is really bad, your home may need a third treatment 7-10 days after second treatment. Treatment for Yard We also recommend that you treat your yard. We carry Siphotrol Yard Spray. This treatment can be hooked to your garden hose. You need to make sure when treating your yard that you hit the shady areas (under trees, bushes, or overgrown areas , as well as under decks). Fleas like the cooler shady areas to hang out and reproduce. As with treating your house, your yard may need a second treatment.
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